The finds, which range only a few millimeters to a miniature image, are the first to be discovered during archaeological excavations in the Judea desert in about 60 years

“Were you dated with carbon?” “No” [talking] “We are here where, for the first time in over 50 years, we have discovered new fragments of biblical texts for the Dead Sea region. We specifically found a fragment, a fragment from the book of Zechariah,” A Basket and the Scrolls were both found during a very large project led by me”ONE to survey all the caves in the Jewish desert After many years, looters come to the caves to loot all the amazing things: coins, baskets, clothes and scrolls of course”

JERUSALEM – Israeli researchers uncovered dozen of newly discovered Dead Sea scroll fragments Tuesday, containing biblical texts from nearly 2000 years ago They complement the collection of artifacts that shed light on the history of Judaism, early Christian life, and ancient mankind

The fragments of parchment from just a few millimeters to a miniature image are the first to be discovered in archaeological excavations in the Judean Desert in about 60 years.They were found as part of a four-year Israeli national project to seek further looting of antiquities from the remote caves and to prevent crevices of the desert east and southeast of Jerusalem that span the border between Israel and the occupied West Bank

The project yielded many other rare and historical finds, including a large woven basket with a lid that was made about 10 years agoIt was dated 500 years ago and is possibly the oldest such intact basket in the world000 year old partially mummified skeleton of a child buried in the fetal position and wrapped in a cloth

“The desert team showed extraordinary courage, commitment and dedication and let themselves be abseiled in caves between heaven and earth,” said Israel Hasson, the outgoing director of the Israel Antiquities Authority, the administrator of around 15000 fragments of the scrolls

He added in a statement that their work in the caves was “digging and sifting them, enduring thick and choking dust, and returning with gifts of immeasurable value to humanity”

The Dead Sea Scrolls, most of which were discovered in the last century, contain the earliest known copies of portions of almost all books in the Hebrew Bible, with the exception of the Book of Esther, which are written on parchment and papyrus

From the third century BC. until the first century AD.The biblical and apocryphal texts are generally considered to be the most important archaeological discoveries of the 20th century Century and are the subject of heated academic debates worldwide

The arid conditions in the Judean Desert provided a unique environment for the natural preservation of artifacts and organic materials that would normally not have stood the test of time

The latest fragments come from a scroll that was first discovered in the so-called Horror Cave south of Ein Gedi on Israeli territory. It was written in Greek by two scribes and dates from the time of the Bar Kokhba uprising almost 1900 years ago when Jewish rebels fled with their families and hid in the caves from the Romans

The Romans discovered and besieged the refugees in the horror cave until they starved to death there. The first archaeologists to arrive in the last century found their skulls and bones in baskets in the cave

The new fragments contain verses from Zechariah 8: 16-17, including part of the name of God written in ancient Hebrew, and verses from Nahum 1: 5-6, both from the Biblical Book of the Twelve Minor Prophets

Experts have managed to reconstruct 11 lines of text from Zechariah, including the verses: “These are the things you must do: speak the truth to one another, do true and perfect justice in your gates, and do not invent evil against each other and do not love perjury, because these are all things I hate – explains the Lord ”

Oren Ableman, a member of the Antiquities Authority team that preserved and examined the new fragments, described the artifacts as “another little piece of the puzzle from the past”

In the laboratories of the Israel Museum in Jerusalem where the fragments were on display for reporters Tuesday morning, he said that the concept of equal justice for all was set forth in these verses, which “are read by people and for people to this day ”

are of importance

A Bedouin shepherd came across the first of the ancient scrolls in 1947. He found it in jars in a cave in Qumran near the northern tip of the Dead Sea.Some were sold to a monastery, others to an antique dealer in Bethlehem.After their authenticity was verified, they followed archaeological expeditions and robbers of antiquity and emptied the caves of everything they could find

Amid signs that robbers were still looking for and bargaining for artifacts from the area, parts of which are difficult to reach and rule, Israeli authorities decided to conduct a methodical, comprehensive survey of the cliffs, ravines and caves from 2017 / p>

“The archaeologists have always followed the robbers,” said Amir Ganor, who heads the antitheft division of the Antiquities Authority. “We have decided that maybe it is time to be one step ahead of the robbers”

Using modern tools like drones that could search every nook and cranny, three teams of four people mapped and searched about 50 miles of cliffs along the Dead Sea

Access to some of the caves would have been easier in ancient times.People knew how to navigate the animal trails, Mr. Ganor said and instead of rappelling down they would have used rope ladders for secluded caves But about 2For 000 years, parts of the site collapsed and created deep abysses

The West Bank was under Jordanian control from 1948 until Israel conquered the area in the 1967 Middle East War.It is now divided between Israeli and partial Palestinian control.But the 1967 border did not exist in ancient times, Mr. Ganor said, and the archaeologists treated the Judean Desert as a unit for the purposes of investigation

In the MurabBa’at caves in what is now the West Bank, archaeologists have discovered a lot of artifacts including the basket and a cache of rare coins from the days of the Bar Kokhba revolt, marked by Jewish symbols such as harp and date palms

The basket looks no different from one that could be bought in a home decorating store today, but dates from the Neolithic pre-pottery era. It was found buried in the ground

“We were very curious to see what was inside when we opened the lid,” said Naama Sukenik, the Antiquities Authority’s curator of antique materials. But it turned out to be empty except for a bit of sand

The archaeological investigation also revealed arrows and spearheads Remnants of fabric dyed with brightly colored stripes, which were fashionable for tunics in Roman times; Seed; Olive and date pits; Remnants of sandals; and a wooden lice comb similar to the one that might be used today, whose fine teeth had caught a small louse

Dead Sea Scrolls

World News – USA – Israel reveals newly discovered fragments of Dead Sea Scrolls

Source: https://www.nytimes.com/2021/03/16/world/middleeast/dead-sea-scrolls-israel.html