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As the mainstay of the ZOB (Jewish Fighting Organization), Zivia was one of the leading female resistance fighters who has incredibly managed to hit the mass murder against her people On January 1st, when German soldiers began to search houses in the ghetto to exterminate the remaining Jews hidden in bunkers and cellars, the moment had come for Zivia’s combat unit, with only four hand grenades and four shotguns between them, Zivia knew it very much it was likely that she would be killed – but at least she would die with honor

“Germans murdered Jews for six months, but not a single shot was fired at them,” says Judy Batalion, author of the new book “The Light of Days”, in which the forgotten female “ghetto girls” heroes be described of the Jewish resistance

When Nazi troops stormed into the apartment building on Zamenhofa Street in Warsaw, the soldiers saw nothing but a group of huddled, passive-looking Jews who had apparently surrendered to their fate

You were wrong. A man who pretended to read jumped up and shot two Nazis. Suddenly, Zivia and her fellow combatants, who were hiding in closets, jumped out, attacked their enemy and pulled their weapons off before they did could escape

Badly armed Jews had defeated the Nazis and now they had a supply of weapons to continue their fight

Such heroism as this mini-rebellion would help fuel the widespread uprising in the Warsaw ghetto that began 78 years ago yesterday and ended a little less than a month later when almost all of the survivors were deported to the Majdanek and Treblinka death camps were

“Jewish history is full of stories of David versus Goliath,” says Judy, a Canadian writer whose family are Holocaust survivors. She prompted a decade of research that began when she found a collection of notes from women fighters which were hidden in the archives of the British Library

“It is important to emphasize that this is not the case. The Polish-Jewish Resistance achieved only tiny successes in terms of military success, Nazi losses and the number of Jews rescued”

Still, the stories of these young women, some of whom were not yet teenagers at the time, are remarkable and inspiring.As couriers, smugglers, and armed fighters, these were women who committed brave bravery worthy of the most outrageous thriller novel Hiding revolvers in teddy bears, flirting and then killing Nazi officers, publishing underground newspapers, bombing railway lines, jumping from moving trains and throwing grenades – these were the acts of resistance that prevented many Jews from perishing in Treblinka and Auschwitz / p>

The “ghettos” created by the Nazis, which were scattered over the occupied nations, hid almost 100 armed resistance units around 30000 European Jews joined these underground networks Around 12000 Jews are said to have hidden in Warsaw alone

The torture and suffering that many of them suffered are documented in terrible detail in the book. Reina Kukielka was a fighter of extraordinary courage who, thanks to her Aryan appearance as a member of the resistance, was particularly well equipped to overcome the to travel from the Nazi-occupied borders

Being a woman was an advantage in itself as men were regularly forced to pass a Nazi “pants-drop” test to see if they were circumcised

“It’s unbelievable how long these stories were hidden,” says Judy. “For a long time there were many reasons why no one heard what these women were doing

“There were times when these women were not believed, times when they were accused of leaving their families to fight, and there were also their own personal reasons for many of them not wanting their children with these Stories Burden I think this is part of the survivors’ guilt that many of them would have felt in the post-war era ”

Reina grew up as a middle-class girl in the town of Bedzin, a Polish town with a sizeable Jewish population She joined one of the youth groups that were supposed to train Jewish men and women to survive, live and work together Perhaps you will finally make a pilgrimage with the “Aliyah” to what was then Palestine

Reina was very familiar with the gathering cry “Haganah”, which means “defense”, and was only 18 years old She became an underground agent, a courier girl who traveled regularly between her hometown of Bedzin and Warsaw

She wore a red flower in her hair to identify her to other resistor contacts She slept in basements, moving forged passports and cash taped to her body and hidden in her shoes. “For her,” she wrote of the Nazi officers, “it was easier to kill a person than smoke a cigarette””

Finally caught, her forged papers, which gave her a Polish Catholic identity, were not enough to prevent her from being tortured by the Gestapo who brought her to the brink of death

“They kicked her to the ground,” writes Judy, who is currently working with director Steven Spielberg on a script based on the stories in The Light Of Days

“One of them held her feet, the other her head and the rest began to whip her. Reina felt pain all over the place. After ten lashes she cried:” Mama! “

“Although they held her tightly, she began to cramp like a fish caught in a net. One of the Gestapos wrapped her hair around his hand and pulled it across the floor. Now the lashes hit not only her back, but hers.” whole body, face, neck and legs. She got weaker and weaker, but Reina still didn’t speak. She wouldn’t show any frailty. She wouldn’t then everything went dark and the pain let out after Reina passed out ”

Incredibly, not only did Reina survive the torture, she later also managed to escape a political prisoner camp by bribing a guard

Only her refusal to ever admit that she was Jewish saved her from being killed instantly

After changing clothes and leaving the camp, she crossed the dangerous Tatra Mountains on foot. Completely exhausted and still badly injured, she hid in a freight train that took her to the Hungarian capital Budapest

Incredible, both brave women survived the war after moving to Israel, Zivia lived until 1978, while Reina was almost 90 years old when she also died in Israel in 2014.Although Reina wrote her memoirs back in 1945, the book had been for decades out of print

Judy’s decade of research – including interviewing the descendants of Reina and other female fighters – means their stories have been saved from the dark

In an era of #MeToo, Climate Change, and Black Lives Matter, where protests by people who feel threatened are becoming an increasingly common part of our daily lives, it seems fitting that these are nearly a hundred years old, thanks Judy’s careful research Stories of Resistance in the Face of Overwhelming Adversity will be read again

“The main thing that inspired me was the fact that it was often the little things that these women did in the face of incredible adversity,” says Judy

“Ultimately, these are the stories of women who just wouldn’t accept their fate. They walked into danger and just wouldn’t accept what happened to them until their last breath without fighting back”

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Hitler

World news – FI – The light of day reveals the story of the unsung heroines of Hitler’s Warsaw ghetto

Source: https://www.express.co.uk/entertainment/books/1425519/light-of-days-stories-hitler-warsaw-ghetto-resistance-fighters-jewish-females